Allen Hynek was an American astronomer, professor, and ufologist, the only government-paid ufologist in history.
In an Air Force memo, Brigadier General C. H. Bolender wrote:
"Reports of unidentified flying objects that could affect national security are not part of the Blue Book system."Hynek was a scientific advisor to UFO studies undertaken by the U.S. Air Force under three consecutive projects: Project Sign (1947 - 1949), Project Grudge (1949 - 1952), and Project Blue Book (1952 - 1969).
the first few years of his UFO studies, Hynek thought that a great
many UFOs could be explained as phenomena misidentified by an
observer. Hynek's opinions about UFOs began a slow and gradual
shift. After examining hundreds of UFO reports over the decades made
by credible witnesses, including astronomers, pilots, police
officers, and military personnel, he concluded that some reports
represented genuine empirical evidence.
It was during the late stages of Blue Book in the 1960s that Hynek began speaking openly about his disagreements and disappointments with the Air Force. Among the cases about which he openly dissented with the Air Force were the highly publicized Portage County UFO chase, in which several police officers chased a UFO for half an hour, and the encounter of Lonnie Zamora, a police officer who reported an encounter with a metallic, egg-shaped aircraft near Socorro, New Mexico.
In later years, Hynek conducted his own independent UFO research, developing the "Close Encounter" classification system. In 1973, he was the founder and first head of the Center for UFO Studies (CUFOS). Originally, participation was restricted to scientists and other professionals who donated their time and expertise, Hynek's "invisible college".
Some researchers are/were:
Thomas E. Bullard, Indiana University;
Jerome Clark, author of The UFO Encyclopedia;
George Eberhart, editor for the trade journal American Libraries;
Raymond Fowler, ex-USAF Security Service and 25 years with GTE Government Systems;
Dr. Richard F. Haines, Ph.D., research scientist for NASA since 1967;
Dr. Allan Hendry, astronomer;
Don Ledger, pilot for 32 years;
Dr. Bruce Maccabee, M.S. and Ph. D. in physics;
Bill Murphy, ex-Associate Dean of the Quality College;
Dr. Robert Powell, co-holder of four patents related to nanotechnology;
Jenny Randles, British consultant to CUFOS, BUFORA investigator, author, documentary series for the BBC and ITV;
Dr. Mark Rodeghier, B.S. in astrophysics from Indiana University;
Dr. John Schuessler, ex-NASA, member of the Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE);
Dr. Michael Swords, professor of Natural Science at Western Michigan University;
Dr. Jacques Vallee, astronomer at the University of Texas and computer scientist at Northwestern University.
CUFOS advocates for scientific analysis of UFO cases. Its extensive archives include valuable files from civilian research groups.